The Arenavirus Infection in Hamsters is one of the most common diseases and this virus usually infect wild mice and some other rodents, but it rarely affects hamsters. Fortunately, it does not make them sick and eventually, one may observe that issue resolves on its own. But the major problem is that ill hamsters can transmit the virus into humans resulting in flu-like indications and inflammation of the bran and the spinal cord. Due to the contagious nature of the illness, hamsters with the arenavirus should be handled with extreme caution. So, Pets Trouble has decided to shed light on the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of Arenavirus Infection in Hamsters.
Arenavirus Infection in Hamsters – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Mostly hamsters suffering from arenavirus do not have any adverse reaction but some may suffer severely. The following are the symptoms of arenavirus infection;
- Weight loss
- Nervous System Symptoms
- Swollen Nymph node
Arenavirus is also known as lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and it spread by contact with an infected rodent’s urine or saliva. It can also be transmitted by tiny droplets spread when sick rodents sneeze or cough. Furthermore, an infected pregnant hamster can pass it to her fetuses in the womb.
Arenavirus can be detected via proper laboratory tests and blood samples. Moreover, the diagnosis is confirmed by doing a post-mortem examination.
Unfortunately, there is no proper and effective treatment for arenavirus infection. A veterinarian may recommend that the hamster is suffering from arenavirus be euthanized. Its living quarters should then be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized.
Living and Management
To protect yourself and your family, you have to wear disposable gloves when cleaning an infected hamster’s cage. One has to be more cautious while handling bedding material or other objects inside the cage, which are likely to be soiled with infected urine. After cleaning the cage and its content, you have to wash your hands and clothing and adequately dispose of the potentially contaminated materials in sealed plastic bags.
One has to keep the animal cage clean and disinfected regularly so that the chances of hamsters being attacked by arenavirus gets minimized.