It is such type of condition where either one or both of the kidneys become abnormally large while abdominal palpation, X-rays or ultrasounds confirm them. One of the reasons behind such a problem is due to the presence of cysts, swelling due to some kind of kidney infection, urinary tract obstruction or inflammation. This disease can easily affect the entire body’s system of ferrets i.e. hormonal, nervous, respiratory and digestive. Mostly, it can be found in middle-aged to older ferrets. In this article of Pets Trouble, we are going to explain a bit about Abnormally Large Kidneys in Ferrets.
Abnormally Large Kidneys in Ferrets – Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms and Types
Some times came in the life of ferret, known as asymptomatic, or it does not display any signs. However, some of the following symptoms may be seen in ferrets with renomegaly including;
- Weight Loss
- Loss of Appetite
- Pale mucous membrane
- Abdominal pain and distension
The kidneys may become abnormally large due to infection, inflammation or maybe cancer. This disease can occur due to urinary tract obstruction, the formation of cysts in the ferret’s urinary tract, inflammatory conditions and blood clots in the kidneys.
The veterinarian may prefer to take a complete blood profile and urinalysis, X-rays and palpation exams can also be used to assist the vet in visualizing the abnormality in the kidney size. Veterinarians may than decide the proper size of action for appropriate treatment. Aspiration of renal fluid and a biopsy is another procedure than often used in ferrets suspected of having organomegaly.
The ferrets will be treated on an outpatient basis unless it is suffering from dehydration or renal failure. Overall treatment will begin with adequately diagnosing and treating the underlying cause, maintaining fluid balance with intravenous fluids. If the ferret is healthy than a regular diet and routine exercise will be advised. Veterinarians will vary the prescribed dose of drugs according to the underlying causes of renomegaly. However, those drugs which have a toxic effect on kidneys should be avoided.
Living and Management
Veterinarians will defiantly want to see ferret on regular follow-up examination. It will help him in assessing the animal’s physical recovery and hydration status. If the ferret’s symptoms return than the owner may need to contact the vet immediately. The possible and extreme complication of the said disease may include kidney failure and hormone imbalances that mimic hormone-producing cancers.