The Abnormal Molar Development is the formation of the mandibular tooth, a molar can be found three teeth besides the midline of the dog’s jaw. It is an oral health issue that can be seen primarily in small dog breed dogs. The mandibular tooth is the first permanent teeth that is developed in a calcified crown and it is one of the largest. It can be found in any gender but smaller breed dogs are at risk due to having a small amount of space in the jaw for molar grow into. Thus, it is recommended that all kinds of small breed dogs should be given a full evaluation of mandibular first molar as they were growing in. Today’s article on Pets Trouble will provide a detailed description of Abnormal Molar Development with its symptoms and treatment.
Abnormal Molar Development in Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms and Types
This issue frequently pop-up at the neck of the mandibular tooth, often having gum evidence that gum is receding. The dog may suffer from extensive bone loss near the root and possible exposure of pulp inside of the tooth. X-rays may reveal some kind of discontinuity between the roots and crown and the presence of pulpal stone in the canal or chamber of the tooth.
It can be due to mechanical challenge i.e. lack of space in the mouth of small dogs that impede proper crown-root development. Invagination is a folder in the enamel and it is the cement of tooth that sometimes occurs at the neck of the tooth. It is often found with some degree of gingival recession at the site.
The veterinarian will perform a complete oral and physical examination of the dog. He will also ask about the history of symptoms and other related things. Dens-in-dente is an anomaly of development resulting from the deepening of enamel into the dental papilla that starts at the crown and it often extends to the root before the calcification of the dental tissue taking place. The traumatic damage to the dog’s teeth is possible from aggressive deciduous teeth.
If the veterinarian finds any of the broken or damaged teeth, he will adequately assess the remaining mandibular bone that will be important before an extraction attempt. The complete diagnostic evaluation including the dental X-ray will be taken to evaluate the extent of the changes, especially in the roots section.
The treatment of dilacerated mandibular first molar will start with the pre-operative antimicrobial and pain management therapy. In most of the cases, there will be some indications of non-vital pulp in the tooth. The extraction of the tooth is naturally warranted. Moreover, it must not be any kind of aggressive procedure. One must take proper care as osteolysis could end in compromised mandible. The veterinarian may consider the user of bone-promoting material after the extraction. In rear cases, the endodontic procedure may be attempted to save the tooth with minimum pathological changes.
The veterinarian will prescribe the pain medication that may help in reducing the amount of pain of the dog. After the initial care, the veterinarian will ask for a recheck after some days. It will help him in checking that no infection took place during the healing process. The prognosis is guarded against maintaining the tooth as well.