The Abnormal Growths in the Small Intestines of Cats and its rectal walls is a condition, and rare disease referred to as rectoanal polyps. These polyps are directly attached to the intestinal walls (sessile) or connected through the stalk-like cylindrical connection.
Most rectoanal polyps are non-cancerous, plus they are merely extensions of the deep tissue liming of the intestinal walls. While most cases of polyps are normally isolated, there are occasions when cats suffer from multiple polyps.
This specific condition can affect both cats and dogs, and the particular symptoms, types, diagnoses, and treatments are given below.
Abnormal Growths in the Small Intestines – Symptoms and Treatments
Symptoms and Types
In these conditions, cats frequently suffering from rectoanal polyps will experience straining or pail while passing stool. There are also chances that the seat may be stained with blood, or it may be covered with mucus.
The causes of rectoanal polyps are not clear, but this type of abnormal growth is rare in cats.
The veterinarian will have to perform a detailed physical exam on a cat. He may also look at the history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated this conditions. Some tests may include the complete blood count and the urinalysis that will usually return as healthy. Imaging tools such as X-rays and ultrasounds do not apply to this particular diagnosis.
Some conditions may produce symptoms quiet similar to those which are caused by polyps, including abscesses, inflammation, tumor, infection of the intestine, and rectal prolapse. Therefore, diagnosis is made by the veterinarian based on manual rectal examination of the cat or by direct visualization of the polyp by using external anal opening.
When the polyp is identified, a colonoscopy by using the tubular and flexible camera inserted via the anal opening. It may be performed to check the presence of other polyps. The detailed pathological study of the tissue and the fluid of polyp is done.
The surgery is usually indicated for the effective management of polyps. The polyps are then removed through the anal opening, after which the anal opening will be closed with stitches. The same removal surgery may also be performed endoscopically or by using an electric needle or probe. Some veterinarians may be prescribed are:
- Non-steroidal pain relievers
- Antibiotics (especially before surgery to prevent infection)
- Stool softeners
There are possible complications that include the relapse of the polyps and narrowing of the anal opening due to scarring or inflammation.
Living and Management
The veterinarian may want to examine the surgical site after two weeks to make sure that the condition has been entirely resolved, plus the tissues are completely healed. Another examination is also required after three months and again after six months. Follow-up examinations should be continued twice a year to check the recurrence. Fortunately, the cats having single polyps usually do not relapse.
In the end, Pets Trouble would like to say that kindly take good care of your pets, and if you that there is a slight change in the behavior of cats, you should immediately consult a veterinarian. The symptoms and treatment of the Abnormal Growths in the Small Intestines, especially in cats, have been covered in the article, and hopefully, you have read the article by heart. Kindly share your valuable suggestions and recommendations in the form of comments.