The Abnormal Eyelid in Dogs is one of the inherited diseases in dogs in which a small portion of their eyelid is folded or inverted inward. It causes an eyelash or its hair to irritate and scratch the surface of the eye, which results in corneal ulceration or perforation. It causes dark-colored scar tissue to build up over the wound which may results in loss of vision as well.
Ectropion is extremely common in dogs and it is seen in a variety of breeds including short-nosed breeds, sporting breeds and giant breeds. It is always diagnosed around the time the puppy reaches its first birthday. The condition or disease is discussed in our today’s article and these diseases can be found in Cats as well if you would like to learn more about the pet’s conditions and their symptoms than you should keep visiting Pets Trouble.
Abnormal Eyelid in Dogs – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Symptoms & Types
In toy and brachycephalic breeds, excess tears and inner eye inflammation are the most common signs of the diseases. However, in big races, it is found to be seen in mucus and pus discharge from the external corner of the eyes. In some other breeds of dogs, eye tics, discharge of pus and eye inflammation or even rupture of the cornea is caused by Abnormal Eyelid.
The facial shape is the primary genetic cause of the disease. In short-nosed dog’s i.e. brachycephalic breeds of dogs, there is more tension on the inner eye than would generally be seen. It along with the confirmation of their nose and face results in top and bottom eyelids rolling inward toward the eyeball. In bigger breeds, one may observe the opposite problem. They have an excess slack of ligaments around the outer corners of their eyes. It allows the outer edges of eyelids to fold inward.
The repeated bouts of eye injections cause spastic entropion that may lead to functional entropion. It can also be caused by some other types of eye irritants and is generally the case in breeds that do not usually exhibit entropion. Finally, the inflammation of chewing muscles or severe weight loss can lead to fat loss and muscles around the eye socket, which may be the second cause of Abnormal Eyelid.
The diagnosis of Abnormal Eyelid in Dogs is a straightforward examination. Any underlying causes or irritations should be dealt with extreme care before attempting any surgery. Breeders should pay close attention to puppies especially in those breeds in which such disease is widespread.
Treatment and Care
In young dogs other problems should be solved first. Ulcerated corneas care to be treated with the help of antibiotic or triple antibiotic ointments. If the conditions are mild and the corneas are not ulcerated, artificial tears can be used in this case to lubricate eyes. Surgery can be the best solution for it. It is done by temporarily turning the eyelid inward or outward with the help of sutures. The operation is done in moderate cases especially when an adult dog does not have any history of such disease. While in severe cases, reconstruction of the face is necessary otherwise the dog will suffer severe problems when it reaches adult age.
The Abnormal Eyelid in Dogs requires routine check-up and more exceptional care. One can also use medication, if prescribed by a veterinarian. It includes antibiotics to treat or prevent infection and eye drops or ointment. In non-surgical cases, one should take a repeat follow-up until the problem has been resolved or until the dog is old enough for a more permanent solution. If the dog is suffering or is continually scratching at the affected eye, one may use Elizabethan collar to prevent a dog from doing so otherwise the condition may become worse. .
The Abnormal Eyelid in Dogs is generally a genetic disease and it cannot be prevented. If someone’s dog is of a breed that is famous for being affected with Entropion, then you should be ready to face it.