The Entropion or Abnormal Eyelid in Cats is a general condition in which a small portion of the eyelid is inverted or folded inward against the eyeball. This condition results in irritation and scratches on the cornea (the front surface of the eye). These scratches lead to corneal ulceration or corneal perforation. The anger can also leave dark-colored scar tissue to build up over the wound. The severe impact of this condition can result in a loss or decrease in vision. Generally, the abnormal eyelid is only found in brachycephalic breeds of cats, such as Persians. Entropion is almost always diagnosed when the cat reaches its second year of age.
Abnormal Eyelid in Cats – Symptoms, Diagnoses, and Treatment
Symptoms and Types
The typical trait of Abnormal Eyelid usually includes excess tearing or inner eye inflammation. The eye may be turned into red, or the skin around the eye socket may be sagging. In some cases, the cat’s mucus or pus discharge from the outer corner of the eyes will be apparent, signaling a possible infection.
The facial shape is an initial genetic cause of entropion in cats. In short-nosed, brachycephalic breeds, the main issue is the ligaments of the inner eye than average. It, along with the confirmation of the nose and face, can lead to both the top and bottom eyelids turning inward toward the cat’s eyeball. Larger breeds have opposite problems. Then have excess slack in the ligaments around the outer corners of their eyes. It permits the outer edges of the eyelids to fold inward.
The repeated bouts of conjunctivitis can cause spastic entropion that can lead to functional entropion. It can be caused by some other kinds of eye irritants and is generally found in cats that do not typically exhibit entropion.
The diagnosis of Abnormal Eyelid is relatively straightforward through an examination of eyes, and any underlying causes or irritants should be dealt with before attempting surgical correction. Breeders of cats, which are prone to the condition, should pay close attention to cats, especially kittens, having them checked for entropion disease, if their eyelids do not open by four or five weeks old.
If the problem is in the initial stage and the cat’s corneas are not ulcerated, artificial tears can be beneficial to lubricate the eyes. An ulcerated cornea can be treated with antibiotics or triple antibiotic ointments. In some cases, surgery can also be required.
It can be done by temporarily turning the eyelid inward or outward with the help of sutures. This type of surgery is done in mild cases and when the adult cat with no history of such disease.
In severe cases, facial reconstruction is required but generally avoided until the cat reaches its adult age.
Living and Management
The Abnormal Eyelid in Cats requires routine checkups and follow-up care with proper medications prescribed by a veterinarian. It may include antibiotics to treat or prevent infection and eye drops or ointment. For a temporary non-surgical solution, there may is a need to repeat the procedure until the problem has resolved or until the cat is old enough for permanent settlement. If the cat is suffering from severe pain, itching, or any other irritation of the eye, the Elizabethan collar can be helpful to prevent the cat from scratching at its eyes and making the problem even worse.
Entropion is usually caused by genetic predisposition, and prevention is not an easy job. If the cat breed is known to be affected by entropion, the owner should seek proper medical treatment as soon as he/she notices such complications in the cat’s eye.
In conclusion, team Pets Trouble would ask all the pets keepers, especially cats, to look at their cat’s eye. First of all, you should be well aware of your cat’s breed than try to examine your cat’s eye on a regular base. If the symptoms of Abnormal Eyelid started appearing, then you should think to ask the veterinarian for proper medications. If you want to share your experience with us, you can more than welcome. Just type in the comment section below.