In these diseases, the abdominal cavity is lined with the thin and watery membrane called the “peritoneum.” When the cat’s abdominal cavity, which is also known as the “peritoneal cavity” is injured, the peritoneum becomes inflamed. The severity of inflammation largely depends on what type of injury the peritoneal cavity has gone through. The peritonitis is frequently a painful condition, and the cat does not respond when it is being touched on its abdomen. Peritonitis can affect both dogs and cats. To find out more about Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity in cats, read the following information in detail.
Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity in Cats – Symptoms, Diagnoses, and Treatment
Symptoms and Types
The cat who is facing Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity diseases typically has
- Pain in the abdomen.
- Cats/ Dogs position themselves into praying position to relieve pain.
- Low blood pressure and signs of shock.
- Increased in heart rate
- Possible abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
Peritonitis: The spread of the causative agent usually causes it through the blood.
Secondary Peritonitis: It is caused by an injury elsewhere in the body.
Common form: An injury causes it to the abdominal cavity or hollow organs of the cats.
Bacterial/chemical contamination: The bacterial or chemical contamination can also be the cause of this disease;
- Opening of surgical sites
- Penetrating abdominal wounds
- Blunt abdominal trauma
- Severe inflammation of the pancreas
- Filling of the abdomen with pus
- Liver abscesses (inflamed swelling with pus)
- Prostatic cysts — in males, painful swelling with discharge from the prostate gland
- Rupture of the gallbladder, urinary bladder, and bile duct
Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity – Diagnosis
The veterinarian will perform the detailed physical examination of a cat that includes a chemical blood profile, a total blood count, a urinalysis, and an electrolyte panel. The cat keeper has to provide a brief history of the cat’s health that includes the history of symptoms and a possible incident that might be the cause of this disease. This brief history is beneficial for a veterinarian to find out whether the organs are causing this condition, or is there any other thing.
Radiograph and ultrasound imaging are incredibly critical for visualizing the presence of free fluid in the cat’s abdomen, free gas, an abscess in the stomach. A fluid sample is taken by abdominocentesis should be done carefully, and the sample can be stored in the vacuum blood collection tube (EDTA tube) for laboratory analysis. If the fluid cannot be recovered during an abdominocentesis, a diagnostic peritoneal lavage (stomach wash) can be done.
The Cats with Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity (Peritonitis) should be hospitalized in the intensive care unit for fluid and electrolyte therapy. The cat’s diet needs to be changed to the low-sodium diet if underlying heart disease is detected. The feeding tubes can be placed directly into the digestive tract if the cat requires nutritional support. The second option of feeding can be administered by injection (parenteral). Once the cat has been stabilized, the veterinarian will begin to prescribe and administer medication.
If a cat has bacterial or chemical peritonitis, surgery will be required to resolve this condition. There are severe conditions, and most of the cats may die despite having any surgical treatment. Bloodwork will be repeated after every one to two days or as your doctor deems necessary while the cat is in the intensive care unit.
If the cat needs to undergo surgery, or if it needs additional time to heal from trauma to its abdomen, allow it a quiet and safe space to recover. Keep it away from active children or other pets. During the stage of recovery, the cat will need to be given a diet that will not put stress on its abdomen.
Furthermore, ask a veterinarian for advice on dietary changes that may be required for the cat and whether the adjustments need to be done for a short duration or a lifetime.
In the end, experts of Pets Trouble would like to say that the Abdominal Inflammation of Cavity in Cats is among those diseases which are not easy to detect. So, if you find any of the symptoms mentioned above in your cat or the cat of your friend, instantly refer it to the veterinarian and ask for proper diagnoses and treatment. If anyone has something valuable that he thinks can add knowledge to our worthy reader, then you are requested to type in the comment section given below.